Tuesday, September 29, 2015

Educational article | Human Activities | in the modern age

The evolution of life leads the human society gradually a better and standard life. The inventions of different goods and things made human life comfortable and luxurious. Due to wishing to live such high profile standard live human being do not going back to forget the humanity. Human become materialist and always searching for wealth,power and enjoyment. Some of them showing that they are human but internally they are do jobs of inhuman. Some of others are really doing some thing  for human society but in a reverse way because they are giving the ideas of the traditional way of life to live. No doubt we should not forget to our originality , we should appreciate the changes which is going on. during the evolution of life. But in the name of development human being should not destroy himself and the society. Man the most skilled species on the earth. It should not mean that he should invent ways to ruin the human race. The rest category of human who are going on in a darkness to  spread inhuman activities in the society.

Let us discuss about the human being category wise how they are influencing human life. There are people who are declaring themselves religious and propagating humanity. The people who are religious should keep away themselves from wealth, women and wine. Because these three are the sole responsible for spreading inhuman activities. Wealth has a quality that gives birth to proud and selfishness. By this human being learning the art of cheating others. To build the empire of wealth human being is not going behind to do unsocial works like underworld activities. Each and every categories of  human being in the society needs wealth to survive. Because the modern age has taught the man to be modernise and live a luxurious life.

The political leaders who are the owner of the nations are running behind the power and chair are teaching the officers to manage the administration so that their power will long live and they will continue to rule the nation for a long periods.The people are suffering from different difficulties in their life. But no body is listing to them. Though there is provision of court and law, the human being running there day after day and not getting justice properly. The people who are powerful have the law in their hand. Like the food chain among the living being, the human being is also torturing one to another. There is dissatisfaction everywhere in the society. There is no safety and security for every living being on the earth. All categories of wealthy, powerful, educated, business professional are being sold in the hand of political leaders. No one is thinking about the human society.

For example,in the sector of education from top to bottom there is everywhere corruption.The ministers, officers and the administrators going on exploiting the employees.All are asking bribe for their job though they are getting salary from the administration. The teachers are being exploited by the headmasters and principals. The Headmasters are bound to being responded to their immediate authorities and so on. Now in the present society human activities not only going on reaching the tough level of development but also going in the ways of destruction.  Belief become individual which is not the support of society. The delicate feeling of doubt is now growing spreading on  a fast speed. Each and every sector of human society become selfish dominated. The rich trying to dominate the poor,the powerful trying to dominate the weak.Every where there is the the game of competition of going ahead with out looking others. The majority running on the dead bodies of the minors for the tendencies of egoism developing in the mind of the human being.

The situation of the atmosphere, the surrounding, the environment are become polluted. No one is thinking about it. Each and every one is going on modernise. In this situation it is our duty to be careful about the surrounding we are living on.All are searching the ways to cure not the ways of prevention. We are creating problems and trapping in it. Human being is in search of medicine only not searching the ways how to keep the surrounding healthy.If the the competition of going ahead is going on the day destruction is not so far. It is duty of human society of human society to tell the truth and love the human being to build a healthy, wealthy and sound society.

Saturday, September 5, 2015

Educational articles | Common diseases | that occurs in the human body

       Good health is not only freedom from sickness and diseases but a complete absence of anxiety, social and psychological tensions. Any abnormality in the functioning of the body is termed as disease. There are diseases like cholera, tuberculosis, common cold, chicken pox, typhoid, diarrhoea and gastroenteritis, polio and rabies.

      In our daily life, we continuously interact with various elements of environment.  Some unfavourable environmental factors may adversely affect our body and cause some disease. These factors may be inside the body or outside the body. The factors inside the body are malfunctioning of an organ or part, hormone or immune system of the body. The outside factors include lack of diet, influence or effect of disease causing organisms and environmental pollutants. The diseases caused by inside factors can be prevented and cured by taking medical treatment. Diseases caused by outside factors , on the other hand, can be prevented and cured by taking wholesome food,  keeping  the environment clean and proper habits.

      Some disorders or defects or defects in the body may arise during the period of growth and development. Such ailments may be present from birth. Some of these may also be acquired and develop after birth. Thus , the diseases or ailments may be due to infections, malfunctioning of vital organs of the body, nutritional deficiencies, allergies or some other factors.


Let us discuss about the diseases one by one:-
Cholera- Cholera is a highly infectious disease. It affects gastrointestinal tract, which comprises organs like stomach and intestines. It has persisted for thousands of years and breaks out in overcrowded places. It affects the people of all age groups .
The symptoms of cholera include vomiting, acute diarrhoea and muscular cramps. A person suffering from cholera may pass stool 30-40 times in a day. The stool appears like "rice water". Excessive loss of water results in dehydration in the body, accompanied by fever. This results in intense thirst, dry tongue, sunken eyes. The out put of urine is reduced. If the state of dehydration continues , it could be fatal. To avoid the dehydration, Oral Rehydration Solution(ORS) should be given to the patient at regular intervals. If any person shows the above stated symptoms, a physician should be consulted immediately.

Tuberculosis-   Tuberculosis, generally denoted by the letters 'TB' (from Tubercle bacillus), is an infectious disease. It is transmitted mainly by air through phlegm (balgam) or sputum of a patient.TB is caused by a bacterium named Mycobacterium tuberculosis.Once it enters a living body, it releases a toxin called tuberculin. This bacteria can invade all parts of the body & damage the tissues. The lungs are the favourite site for TB infection. In some cases, the other parts of the body, like alimentary canal and bones, also get affected.

The symptoms of tuberculosis appear gradually in a patient. There is a loss of appetite and weight , resulting in an overall weakness. Persistent cough for more than 3 weeks and low grade lever are the earliest symptoms of TB. Sometimes, the presence of blood in the sputum, pain in the chest and out of breath feeling on exertion are the symptoms of the advanced stage of  tuberculosis. There may be a swelling of the lymph nodes in the children suffering from TB.

Typhoid-   Typhoid is an acute infection of the intestine, caused by the  bacterium Salmonella typhi. The disease  is very common among children and occurs throughout the year. The consumption of contaminated food, water, milk and its products, unwashed raw vegetables and fruits results in the spread of this disease. Indiscriminate defection and urination by patients also help in the spread of infection through soil,water, food, and flies.

Weakness and high fever , lasting for 2-3 weeks, are the main symptoms of typhoid. Body pain, headache, constipation,slow pulse rate and coated tongue are other symptoms of the disease,diarrhoea many occur along with abdominal discomfort.

Polio- Polio or poliomyelitis is a disease, which has been known from ancient times.It is caused by one of the smallest known viruses called Poliovirus. It enters the body through food or water  and  ultimately reaches central nervous system and blood stream. there the viruses destroy the cells of the spinal cord that are responsible for the control of muscle activities. As a result , the muscles of the polio infected person fail to carry out their normal functions. It is a kind of paralysis. The effects of paralysis are more on the limbs, particularly legs.

Chicken pox-Chicken pox is an acute infectious disease caused by a virus, named Vericella zoster. This disease mostly occurs in children under the age of 10 years. It is generally transmitted from one person to another by direct contact with clothing or other articles soiled with discharges from an infected person. The most suitable period for the transmission of the disease is about 2 days before the appearance of rashes , and up to 14 days afterwards.

The symptoms of chicken- pox are mild or moderate fever, pain in the back, shivering and malaise. In severe cases, almost the whole body may be covered with rashes. The rashes first appear on the trunk and  later spread upwards to the face and downwards to the limbs. Formation of scabs begins 4 to 7 days after the appearance  of the rashes.