Monday, February 9, 2015

Educational article | Energy crisis and its solutions

        Every living being do something for his life to live. Energy needs to do work. Living being collect energy from food. Human being also related to this rule. He wants food for energy. Ancient people was taking fruits and raw flesh as food. Gradually he knows the use of fire and started eating burnt flesh. There he saw that burnt food became tasty such as potato,tomato etc. As the time passed, he started cultivation and produced food. It became a habit of purifying the crops and use. He did not need fire to do this.Fire is the first and foremost energy invented by human being. Man was making fire with dry branches of tree and straws. With the development of civilization he learnt to make weapons. He used coal to melt metals, learnt drawing petroleum from mines. The want of  fuel became more as compare to increase in population. When the demand of energy could not fulfill, the crisis of energy took birth.

       In modern age different types of energy are being utilized in the different field of production. Gas and electricity are being utilized in the field of cooking food. Patrol and diesel are being used in the field of vehicles in transport. The demand for electricity is being increased. There is no such field that there is no need of energy. Without energy the modern civilization will become dull one. There is demand for energy in each and field of life, such as food, cloth, shelter, books and other usable goods, in the field of transport and agriculture. Day to day it is increasing the demand for energy as compare to the want of human being.

      The main sources of energy are forest, coal inside the earth and petrol. These sources are going to decrease day by day. But due to increasing rate of population and setting of industries to fulfill their demand, the forest resource is decreasing.  Coal and mineral oil are going to scarce. Because there is no new formation of them. It must be end up one day. Because coal is using in generating electricity to overcome the demand of electricity. For this purpose coal is going through scarcity. With the increasing population energy production is less. As a result energy crisis is landing on the world.

         The source of energy like coal and mineral oil are non- renewable source of energy. These sources are limited, so renewable sources of energy are being given more stress. Among them atomic energy is one. Here energy produced by dividing atoms through atomic reactors. But it is very dangerous to generate electricity. Because the ray radiate from it is very dangerous. It may destroy to the living world and disqualify the shelter of living being. The situation of Hiroshima and Nagasaki of Japan is not unknown to the people of the world. So atomic energy has both merit and demerit. Most of nations are preparing atomic bomb to destroy others which is scaring and threaten to world.

         Solar energy is a new source of energy. It is used for generating electricity, running vehicles and cooking foods. Electricity is being generated through wind power in the coastal areas by setting wind wheel. Sea waves also is being utilized to generate electricity. Gas plant in village areas also is being set to meet the demand of power. The oil from Jatropha seeds also is being utilized to run vehicles. These sources of energy have no dangerous property ,because the dangerous gas like carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide will be not emitted by these
.
          To overcome the energy crisis, human being should minimize the use of modern comfortable goods at home and offices. They should be aware of energy waste unnecessarily.
       
        

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